In this article, we are going to explain the difference between color grading and color correction, as well as show you how to use them in post video creation.
Part 1 Color correction vs. color grading
Color correction is the procedure used for balancing the colors throughout the video. It is used for making all the colors appear in harmony, with the proper temperature. As a result, the video appears exactly like it would with a naked human eye. The result is natural, in other words.
If color correction does not take place, there is the risk of colors appearing unrealistic throughout the video footage. Color correction also leads to the proper changes in the shades, so that the video appears uniform and without alterations resulting from the different sunlight throughout video shooting.
It is worth noting that there is primary and secondary color correction. The former affects the whole color spectrum, whereas the latter focuses on specific colors.
Related article: Choosing the Right Color Grading Software Tools
Color grading, on the other hand, is pretty different than color correction. In this case, you do not alter the colors to make them seem more realistic. You change them, in order to create something that is visually appealing to you.
You may need to highlight something specifically on your video. You can do that by modifying the intensity of red, blue and green. These are the primary colors that change the whole visual outcome when modified properly. According to your video requirements, it is possible that you increase the red color and get a less bright image. When you intensify the blue color instead, you can get a much more intriguing outcome.
In color grading, you have endless options that are not limited to an earthly looking video. It is in your hands to enhance the image so that it depicts exactly what you want.
Part 2 Color correction and color grading in post video creation.
Multiple professional color correction/grading software options are available on the market. Fine examples include DaVinci Resolve or Red Giant Colorista, although both of them are difficult to use and their price is quite high. Wondershare Filmora is the software we strongly recommend, as with this tool you can make your video cinematic within a few clicks. Unlike competition, WondershareFilmora is easy to use and includes some great features.
Here are the detailed steps on how to engage in color grading and correction in post video creation with WondershareFilmora:
- Step 1: Install WondershareFilmora and import the video clips you want.
- Step 2: Color correction with WondershareFilmora
- Step 3: Color grading with WondershareFilmora
- Step 4: Save and export your work
Drag and drop the video into the timeline, then double click on the video clip (or right click on the clip, choose Edit). A tool box will then pop up. You can adjust the Contrast, Saturation, Brightness, and Tint directly and quickly in this box.
You preview the result in the left small window.
Hit the button Advanced at the lower corner, then a powerful color grading window will pop up, and you can explore your options.
>> Color histogram
The color histogram tells you the color state of this video. This reflects the exact allocation of colors throughout a specific image, highlighting the various colors appearing on the screen and the pixels for each and every single color type. When the color histogram is referred to as “Three Color Histograms”, then a specific allocation of the three primary colors (red, blue and green) is reflected.
You can adjust the white balance of this video clip here. This offers you the opportunity to modify just how intense each color appears on the video. This is really important since white balance enables you to depict images in a realistic manner. According to the different intensity of the colors, you can get a much-differentiated outcome in terms of realism.
>> 3D LUT (3D Look up table)
3D lookup tables are part of the digital intermediate process. They are mainly used, so as for you to calculate how the video is going to be displayed on various screens and devices. The color space is accurately calculated and mapped, in order to be projected exactly like you would have wanted. There are of course a lot of 3D effects allowing you to transform the image of your video as per your request.
Here are multiple 3D LUT effects for you to choose, to make your video look like a Hollywood film. Like Harry Potter, Bat man, etc.
What is more, you can create your own 3D LUT effects in this tool, and save them as preset to use in the next time.
>> Color and light
You can adjust the Exposure, Brightness, Contrast, Saturation, Vibrance, Highlights, Shadows, Whites, Blacks in the Color and Light section.
HSL is the acronym of hue, saturation, and luminosity. It is actually cylindrical geometry, where you mix the different colors and adjust their intensities, so as to get the perfect combination you are looking for in your video. You can choose whether you want the video to appear dark or lighter, getting the right mix of color each and every single time.
In the HSL section, you can enhance the corresponding color in the video.
Vignette is a French word, which initially meant the borders of a book. This is the process, which allows the center of the image to appear clear and the edges much fader. In other words, if you wish to highlight the center of the video and blur the rest (the borders, the edges of the video), you are going to need this effect. In this way, you can emphasize on what is important and let the other details simply disappear in the background.
Upload to YouTube, Facebook. Save as MP4, MKV, WMV, etc. or burn into DVD